Turkey occupies 779 452 km2 at the cross-roads between Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Since the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923, the country has strived to develop a secular democracy. It is the third most populous country in the EUR Region.

 In the last decade, stability characterized Turkey’s political life with a majority government since 2002. Political stability has ensured the implementation of long term strategies and policies; provided a favorable context for coherent public sector action and health reform.  



Syria Arab Republic is located in the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. Syria occupies an area of 185.6 thousand kilometer squares. Total population of Syria is estimated 22.5 million as of 2012. The official language of Syria is Arabic. Damascus is the capital city with 1.7 million population. Aleppo is the largest city with 4.6 million population. The average life expectancy at birth in Syria is 72 years for men and 77 years for women. Syria has a rather youthful population. About 35 percent of the total population was under 15 years old in 2012. The median age was 22 years in the same year.



Since the outset of the conflict in March 2011, increasing number of refugees from Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) has sought asylum in Turkey. Escalation of violations in Syria in 2012 and onwards created dramatic increases in humanitarian needs. 

From the outset of the conflict, The Republic of Turkey, with its historical, cultural and neighborhood ties, followed an open door policy to refugees. Turkey has been the most generous country in providing all type of humanitarian aid to Syrian citizens affected by this tragedy whether under temporary protection in Turkey or inside Syrian borders. 

Turkey is currently hosting more than 200 thousand Syrian citizens in 20 temporary accommodation centers that have been established and managed in 10 cities for more than 2 and a half years. 

Most of the Syrian refugees in Turkey come from the region close to the Syrian-Turkish border which is also the region of intense conflict. About 36 percent of the Syrian refugees to Turkey are mostly located in the 20 camps in 10 cities and about 64 percent are located in the various cities including the 10 cities where there are camps. 

About three quarters of the Syrian refugees choose Turkey over another country because of ease of transportation. Over half of the individuals are children of the household head and about one in three are spouses of the household head. Close to 70 percent of the individuals 15 years old and over are married while one in three are single. About 17 percent of the household heads in the camps and 22 percent of the same out of the camps are women.

Close to half of the Syrian refugees think that they or their family members need psychological support. About quarters of the adults in the camps  report sleeping disorders. Similarly, about a quarter of the children in the camps have sleeping disorders.

Those children who are not vaccinated against polio and measles are rather larger out of the camps. One in four of the children in the camps and about 45 percent of those out of the camps do not have polio vaccination and about one in three children in the camps and about 41 percent of children out of the camps do not have measles vaccination. These pose serious health threat to the local population. 

Turkey spent more than 2 billion dollars for the Syrian crisis since 2011.



IMCHF is committed to help Mother and Children of Syrian Refugee  in Turkey.

Donate today and help Syrian Mother Children from a life of despair, diminished opportunities, and broken futures. You can help lift Syrian refugees out of misery, isolation and trauma. With your support, IMCHF can continue to ensure safe education and Maternal & Child Health.




Head of Steering Committee         

• Dr Ghid Kanaan        



• Mrs. Ayesha Alam                Canada

• Dr. Abdullah Kanaan            UK

• Dr. Ayub Mazhar                  USA

• Dr. Farah Farooqi               Canada

• Mr. Farrukh Mateen            Pakistan


© 2012 IMCHF

International Maternal & Child Health Foundation Canada (IMCHF)